- 1 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/10(土) 21:48:21
- Robert Sheckley, a writer of science fiction whose disarming
ly playful stories pack a nihilistic subtext, died yesterday
in Poughkeepsie. He was 77 and lived in Red Hook, N.Y.
The cause was complications of a brain aneurysm, said his
former wife, Ziva Kwitney. Mr. Sheckley wrote more than 15
novels and around 400 short stories; the actual total is
uncertain since he was so prolific in his heyday, the 1950's
and 60's, that magazine editors insisted he publish some
stories under pseudonyms to avoid having his byline appear
more than once in an issue.
Four of his stories were made into films; the best known,
"The Tenth Victim" (1965), starred Marcello Mastroianni and
- 2 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/10(土) 21:50:29
- Born in Brooklyn and raised in Maplewood, N.J., Robert Sheckley joined
the Army in 1946 after graduating from high school, and served in
Korea. In 1951 he received an undergraduate degree from New York
University and sold his first short story.
Over the next two decades, he was a major force in the development of
modern science fiction. His first collection of stories, published
in 1954, was hailed as one of the finest debut volumes in the field.
In the 1960's he found a wider market for his science fiction in
magazines like Playboy.
Many of his novels were well received, among them "Journey Beyond
Tomorrow"(1962) and "Dimension of Miracles" (1968), but Mr. Sheckley
was best known for his short stories. At a time when science fiction
was just starting to grapple with the social implications of
technology - from atomic bombs to missile-carrying rockets - Mr.
Sheckley turned a satirist's eye on the genre and its concerns.
- 3 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/10(土) 21:52:33
- Like Ray Bradbury, he was interested in the scientific apparatus of
science fiction - space travel, time travel, extrapolated futures -
only so far as it served his purpose. While Mr. Bradbury poetically
mourns the failure to live up to our dreams of the future, Mr.
Sheckley mocked the self-delusions that lead to dreams in the first
He reveled in the freedom the genre afforded him to dramatize the
fears and anxieties of everyday life. When he wrote about the war
between the sexes, he conjured a future in which disappointed lovers
had the legal option of using real bullets to express their anger.
When he wrote about alienation as a state of mind, he sealed the
reader in an endless loop of disaffection that reduced the outside
world to a hallucination wrapped in an illusion.
Because he leavened his darkest visions with wit and absurdist
plotting, he is considered one of science fiction's seminal humorists,
and a precursor to Douglas Adams, whose "Hitchhiker's Guide to the
Galaxy" (1979) seems to take place in a Sheckleyan universe. But Mr.
Sheckley's work is darker than Mr. Adams's; the smiles he evokes
leave a bitter taste on the lips. A better comparison might be to
Kafka, a fabulist who could never understood why his friends didn't
laugh when he read his stories to them.
- 4 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/10(土) 21:53:48
- Mr. Sheckley's fiction has been translated into German, Greek,
Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Finnish
and Lithuanian. His work is especially popular in Russia and
Mr. Sheckley's marriages to his first four wives, Barbara
Scadron, Ms. Kwitney, Abby Schulman and Jay Rothbell, ended in
divorce. At the time of his death he was separated from his
fifth wife, Gail Dana. Other survivors include a son, Jason,
from his first marriage, a daughter, Alisa Kwitney, from his
second marriage; a daughter, Anya, and a son, Jed, from his
third marriage; his sister Joan Klein of New York; and three
- 5 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/10(土) 21:56:55
- 6 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/10(土) 22:00:01
- 7 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/11(日) 11:55:41
- 8 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/12(月) 03:05:23
- 9 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/13(火) 21:33:10
- 10 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/14(水) 12:01:20
- 11 ：名無しは無慈悲な夜の女王：2005/12/15(木) 01:34:28
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